Los Alamos National Laboratory
Lab Home  |  Phone
Quantum Institute : 2010 Quantum Lunch Seminar Schedule


  • Coordinator
    Diego Dalvit
  • Quantum Lunch Location:
    T-Division Conference Room, TA-3,
    Building 123, Room 121

Quantum Institute: Visitor Schedule

The Quantum Lunch is regularly held on Thursdays in the Theoretical Division Conference Room, TA-3, Building 123, Room 121.
For more information, contact Diego Dalvit.
To add your name to the Quantum Lunch email list, contact Charlotte Lehman

Thursday, July 15, 2010
12:30 PM - 2:00 PM

Speaker: Michael Uhlmann (University of British Columbia)

Technical Host: Wojciech Zurek

TOPIC: O(N) symmetry-breaking quantum quench -- defect creation and scaling

The rapid sweep through a symmetry-breaking second-order quantum phase transition entails fascinating non-equilibrium phenomena. Quantum fluctuations become unstable and start growing exponentially; the initial symmetry is spontaneously broken. Different realizations of this symmetry breaking will be chosen in causally disconnected spatial regions leading to the development of order parameter domains. If the final phase permits topological defects, e.g., vortices in two dimensions, they will generally be created by a quantum version of the Kibble-Zurek mechanism. In this talk, I will discuss the O(N) breaking quantum quench of an N dimensional vector field in N spatial dimensions. The scaling behavior of the net winding number with system size and the full statistics will be derived. Special emphasis is laid on the N = 2 case, as this can be realized in spinor Bose-Einstein condensates [L. E. Saddler et al., Nature (London) 443, 312].

Operated by Los Alamos National Security, LLC for the U.S. Department of Energy's NNSA

Inside | © Copyright 2007-8 Los Alamos National Security, LLC All rights reserved | Disclaimer/Privacy | Web Contact