Quantum Lunch Location:
T-Division Conference Room, TA-3,
Building 123, Room 121
Quantum Institute: Visitor Schedule
The Quantum Lunch is regularly held on Thursdays in the Theoretical Division Conference Room, TA-3, Building 123, Room 121.
For more information, contact Diego Dalvit.
To add your name to the Quantum Lunch email list, contact Charlotte Lehman
Thursday, July 15, 2010
12:30 PM - 2:00 PM
Speaker: Michael Uhlmann (University of British Columbia)
Technical Host: Wojciech Zurek
TOPIC: O(N) symmetry-breaking quantum quench -- defect creation and scaling
The rapid sweep through a symmetry-breaking second-order quantum phase transition entails fascinating non-equilibrium phenomena. Quantum fluctuations become unstable and start growing exponentially; the initial symmetry is spontaneously broken. Different realizations of this symmetry breaking will be chosen in causally disconnected spatial regions leading to the development of order parameter domains. If the final phase permits topological defects, e.g., vortices in two dimensions, they will generally be created by a quantum version of the Kibble-Zurek mechanism. In this talk, I will discuss the O(N) breaking quantum quench of an N dimensional vector field in N spatial dimensions. The scaling behavior of the net winding number with system size and the full statistics will be derived. Special emphasis is laid on the N = 2 case, as this can be realized in spinor Bose-Einstein condensates [L. E. Saddler et al., Nature (London) 443, 312].